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Mammography definition | Mammograms | what’s a mammogram procedure

Mammography Definition:

Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays to examine the breast cancer in women. The goal of mammogram is the early detection and screening of breast cancer. The women breast is exposed to a small dose of ionizing radiation that produces an image of the breast tissue. Mammography test can also use if you have a lump or other sign of breast cancer.

What is a mammogram

Mammography is specific medical imaging process that uses a low-dose x-ray system to see inside the human breasts. Like all X-beams, mammograms utilize measurements of ionizing radiation to make pictures. These pictures examine for any unusual discoveries. It is ordinary to utilize low energy X-beams (usually around 30 kVp).

Why Do I Need Breast Cancer Mammogram Test:

Well, A mammogram test regularly demonstrates a breast lump before it feels. They additionally can indicate little groups of calcium called microcalcifications. Additionally, breast cancer screening tests are expected to see if the unusual cells are available.

Breast mammogram is used to check breast cancer in women even if symptoms of cancer has been found. Indeed, ladies who have no symptoms and no known dangers for breast cancer ought to have frequently planned mammograms. It surely helps to recognize potential breast cancer at the soonest conceivable time.

Mammogram recommendations:

The mammogram age varies in the different age of women. Check out following mammogram screening recommendation.

  • Women at age 40 and more should have mammograms every 1 or 2 years.
  • Women less than40 and have hazard factors for breast cancer should ask their professional mammogram doctor. And should know whether mammograms are advisable and how regularly to have them.

Types of mammograms:

Mammograms utilized as a screening instrument to distinguish early breast disease in ladies facing no symbols. Likewise, it is to identify breast disease in women encountering indications, for example, pain, lump,  change in breast shape.

Following are the two types of mammograms:

Mammogram Screening:

Screening mammography is the sort of mammogram that checks you when you have no side effects. It takes X-ray pictures of each breast from 2 different angles.

Results show it can help decrease the number of deaths from bosom malignancy among ladies ages 40 to 70. However, no major advantage from normal screening mammography in ladies is seen under age 40.

Early recognition of breast cancer with screening mammography implies that treatment should begin before it spreads.


mammogram screening


What To Expect When Getting a Screening Mammogram:

  • You’ll need to disrobe over the waist to get a mammogram. This will give you a wrap to wear.
  • A technologist will position your breasts. Only You and the technologist are the main ones in the room amid the mammogram.
  • To get a great picture, your bosom should straight. The technologist puts your bosom on the mammography machine’s plate. The plastic upper plate brought down to pack your breast for a couple of moments while the technologist takes a photo.
  • The entire procedure takes around 20 minutes. The real breast pressure just keeps going a couple of moments.
  • You may feel some distress when your bosoms will straight, and for a few ladies, it can be difficult. Tell the technologist in the event that it harms.

Diagnostic Mammogram:

The diagnostic mammogram use to assess a patient with irregular clinical discoveries, for example, a bosom lump that have been found by the lady or her specialist.

It may be done after an unusual screening mammogram. And to evaluate the area of concern on the breast screening exam.

diagnostic mammogram

What To Expect When Getting a Diagnostic Mammogram:

A diagnostic mammogram is regularly done if a lady has breast symptoms or if a change is seen on a screening mammogram.

  • More pictures are taken amid a diagnostic mammogram. And focus area is one that looked different on the screening mammogram.
  • During a diagnostic mammogram, the images are checked by the radiologist while you’re there. In this way, more pictures will take if necessary.
  • In rare cases, unique images known as magnification views used to make a small area of concern simpler to see.

How Does Mammography Procedure work:


Mammography utilizes a machine intended to look at breast tissue. The mammography machine uses x-rays at lower doses than usual x-rays.

When you have a breast mammogram, you stand in front of an x-ray machine. The person who takes the x-rays places your breast between two plastic plates. The x-beam machine creates a little burst of radiation that goes through the body, recording a picture on photographic film or an extraordinary locator.

The plates press your breast and make it flat. This may be not comfortable, but it helps get a clear picture. Diverse parts of the body absorb the x-beams in fluctuating degrees. Thick bone assimilates a great part of the radiation while delicate tissue permits a greater amount of the x-beams to go through them. Therefore, bones seem white on the x-beam, delicate tissue appears in shades of dark and air seems dark.

Up to this point, x-beam pictures kept up on expansive film sheets. Today, most pictures are computerized documents that are put away electronically. And mostly compared to current x-ray images for breast cancer diagnosis and disease management.

When the test is complete, you will ask to wait until the radiologist determines that all the necessary pictures have have taken.

The examination process should take around 30 minutes.

Are Mammograms Safe?

Although mammogram plays a vital role in early detection of breast cancer. However, it finds something that looks abnormal but isn’t cancer. This leads to further testing and can cause you anxiety. Sometimes it can miss cancer when it is there.

It also exposes you to radiation. You should talk to your doctor about the benefits and drawbacks of mammograms.

How Much Does a Mammogram Cost?

A common question comes to mind that how much is a mammogram is costly and what is mammogram price. Well, The average total cost of a mammogram is around $250. Most protection designs take care of the expense of screening mammograms for those who qualify.

Medicare pays yearly for all female Medicare recipients who are above age 40. Medicare will likewise pay for one pattern mammogram for female recipients between the ages of 35 and 39.

Where To Get a Mammogram Near Me?

At present, there are numerous mammogram facilities are available around the world. In Us only, more than 11,000 mammogram centers & mammogram locations have been licensed by the American College of Radiology (ACR) in the U.S. The Center for Devices and Radiological Health of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) keeps up a Mammography Site Database.

And it rundowns mammography areas inside the fifty U.S. states and Puerto Rico. Clients may scan for an adjacent office by entering the initial three digits of their postal division.

What is 3-D mammography (tomosynthesis mammography)?

Three-dimensional (3-D) mammography, also known as tomosynthesis mammography. It is a type of digital mammography in which mammogram technology used to create a 3D picture of the breast using X-rays.

X-ray machines utilize to take pictures of thin “cuts” of the bosom from various edges and PC programming uses to remake a picture. The 3d mammogram cost is unclear as of 2016.

A substantial scale randomized bosom screening trial anticipated that would open in mid-2017 will contrast 3-D mammography and 2-D mammography.

How will I get my mammogram results?

On the off chance that you don’t get notification from your health care provider within 10 days, don’t expect that your mammogram was ordinary. Call your supplier or the office where you go through the test.

A full report of your mammogram results will send to your medicinal services supplier. Mammography centers likewise should mail women a straightforward rundown of their mammogram comes about inside 30 days.

In the event that you need the full composed examination report and also the rundown, you’ll have to request it.

What Happens If I Got abnormal Mammogram Results:

  • If your mammogram screening was abnormal, don’t get depress yourself.
  • Ask your doctor for the further appointment. Your doctor will order additional tests offering more detailed images of the affected area.
  • If further tests show that the mass is solid, your radiologist may recommend a breast biopsy.
  • Prepare yourself to understand your results.


Check out the Detailed mammogram procedure video :

There are a lot of questions comes to mind relating to mammogram risks. And is mammography painful? Check out this complete mammogram video.


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